Marly, 8th June 1701
Monsieur, following a dinner invitation, went to see his brother after the council meeting had finished.
Louis XIV, upset about the duc de Chartres’s conduct with Mademoiselle de Séry, started to scold his brother for his son’s behaviour . Philippe responded by reprimanding Louis for similar conduct with his own mistresses during his marriage to Queen Marie Thérèse, adding that Chartres had still not received the favours promised to him for having married his wife Françoise Marie. “Fathers who have led certain lives are in no position morally or otherwise to reproach their sons” remarked Philippe. Louis was shocked to be spoken to in such manner by his brother. The quarrel turned into a shouting match as both brothers got more furious about the accusations of the other. The argument was interrupted by a entering servant which reminded them that the courtiers waiting in the salon to salute the king could hear every word that was spoken, or yelled. Whereupon both brothers halted the argument, and the brothers sat down to dine.
At table Monsieur’s nose started to bleed, red in the face and with anger in his eyes, he ignored the many suggestions the he may permit himself to be bled and attacked his meat with extraordinary vigor.
Saint Cloud, later the same day
Philippe angrily returned to Saint Cloud early the same evening after the quarrel with his brother and paid a short visit to his wife. Liselotte ,suffering from a fever attack declined Monsieur’s supper invitation to rest in her apartment, Monsieur left her shortly after. “I’m off to supper” he said gaily “ because unlike you, I’m hungry.”
He sat down for supper with his son the Duc de Chartres, as usual, as he suddenly started to stammer, sketching a gesture in the air with his shaking hand, he collapsed into the arms of his son around 10 o’clock in the evening. He was brought to his chambers, where the physicians tried to make him walk up and down the room after shaking and bleeding him. He was given several liquids, which were believed to be helpful in such cases, and clysters. Liselotte, upon hearing of Monsieur’s condition rushed to his rooms. “How are you feeling now, Monsieur?” she asked. “A little better…. you do you feel?” he mumbled. “Don’t worry about me now, think of yourself.” she replied. “You have….” unable to pronounce some words he pointed at her pulse, implying that he meant the word fever. “You are not feeling well, return to your rooms and rest” he said. Ignoring his pleading she remained at his bed the whole time. As he refused to take some nasty tasting liquid, his doctors told him “Madame wishes that Your Royal Highness does take this medicine.” and he did it immediately.
Saint Cloud, 9th June 1701
Louis XIV arrived at Saint Cloud around 3 o’clock in the morning, tears in his eyes, and rushed to his brothers rooms. He ordered Madame, which was close to faint, to retire to her rooms. Monsieur fell unconscious at 5 o’clock in the morning. At dawn his condition got worse. His doctors, not knowing what to do anymore, walked through the room nervously, waiting.
Monsieur passed away six hours later, at noon on the 9th June.
Louis XIV upon hearing the news of his brother’s passing said “I cannot believe I will never see my brother again.”.Philippe’s heart was taken to the Val-de-Grâce convent on 14 June, and his body was taken on 21 June to the Basilica of St Denis, where it remained until the French Revolution, at which time the basilica was desecrated and all graves destroyed. What happened to his body then is speculation, his remains were most likely destroyed and thrown into a mass grave along with his ancestors bones.